The Best Online BAC Calculators
In the criminal justice system, criminal defense attorneys, prosecutors, and expert witnesses try to determine a person’s BAC at the time of driving. Florida law has created a version of DUI based solely upon a person’s BAC at the time of driving.
Although in some states, the “per se” version of DUI will also consider a BAC taken within a certain of period of time after driving, Florida law looks only at the BAC level at the time of test as a way to estimate the BAC at the time of driving.
The longer the length of time between the two events, the harder it is to extrapolate backward. To complicate matters even more, the BAC will increase, plateau and then decrease over time.
Estimating a person’s BAC involves a fairly simple mathematical calculation based on several factors. If you know some of the factors, you can often calculate a range for the unknown factors.
Several companies have developed online BAC calculators that help attorneys double check a BAC reading after a breath or blood test. The BAC calculators can also help attorneys determine when they need to retain an attorney to explain an unexpected or unlikely result given the known variables in a particular case.
At best, an online BAC calculator based on all of the known inputs will only give a rough estimation of the BAC level. The more variables that are unknown, the less accurate the calculation.
Even when all of the main variables are know, the calculation is still an approximation because no calculation can take into account all the factors and variations.
Factors Not Considered in BAC Calculators
No blood alcohol calculator that is completely accurate because of the number of factors that come into play. Those factors impact the consumption and reduction (burnoff) rates of different people under different circumstances.
Although BAC calculators provide a rough estimate, a variety of factors can make these estimates less accurate. Factors that can affect the rate of abortion of alcohol in the body that are not considered or taken into account in these calculators include:
- differing metabolism rates;
- drinking frequency;
- body fat percentage;
- various health issues;
- the combination of medications that might be taken;
- hydration status;
- fluid intake;
- recent meals;
- when food was eaten;
- amount of food in the stomach and small intestine;
- kidney function.
What is BAC?
The term BAC refers to a Blood Alcohol Content which is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream that is measured by grams of alcohol per 100 grams of blood.
BAC is usually measured as mass per volume. For example, if you have 8 grams of alcohol in 10,000 grams of blood, then the concentration of alcohol in the blood stream is 0.08%.
As a general rule, Breath Alcohol Content (often referred to as the “BrAC”) is generally accepted to be proportional to the amount of alcohol present in the blood (BAC).
Under ideal testing conditions, a blood or blood test can be an effective way of determining BAC in some cases. Although breath testing is considerably less accurate as blood testing, it is used in DUI enforcement because it is less intrusive, easier to administer and far cheaper.
Legal Limit of BAC in Florida
The legal driving limit in the State of Florida is 0.08%. The State of Florida has lower legal BAC limits for some types of drivers including:
- Persons under the age 21 years old;
- Anyone driving a commercial vehicle;
- Commercial drivers.
Charts for a BAC Level of Impairment
- 0.00 – 0.03% Normal behavior with no impairment and normal behavior
- 0.03 – 0.06% Decreased inhibitions with mild euphoria and impairment;
- 0.06 – 0.10% Buzzed, euphoric, increased impairment
- 0.10 – 0.20% Drunk, emotional swings, slurred speech, nausea, loss of reaction time and motor control
- 0.20 – 0.30% Confused, nauseated, poor mentation, blackout
- 0.30 – 0.40% Possibly unconscious, unarrousable, loss of bladder function, risk of death
- Above 0.40% Impaired breathing, unconscious, coma, risk of death
Common Factors Use by Online BAC Calculators
The most common factors used in an online calculator include:
- Age: Year
- Weight: Pounds
- Gender: Male / Female
- Drinking time: Hours
- Glasses of water: 12 oz glasses
- Select the beverage
- Time when drinking began
- Time when drinking ended
When Determining a Custom Percent of Alcohol
When determining a custom percent alcohol using one of the online BAC calculators, keep in mind the following:
- the proof of an alcohol is double the percent (e.g. 80 proof alcohol is 40%)
- for a mixed drink, only count the number of shots you put in and not the drink’s total volume.
- ounces of beverage consumed: 1 beer = 12 oz.
- glass of wine = 5 oz. / 1 shot = 1.5 oz
When determining the percentage of alcohol in a beverage, the following guidelines apply:
- 1 beer = 4-7%
- Glass of wine = 11-13%
- 1 shot = 40%
Chart Showing the Proof of Hard Alcohol by Brand
This chart shows the proof of hard alcohol by brand. The proof of hard alcohol can vary. To determine the exact proof of what was served, look the bottle.
Regular Beer (by Brand / % Alcohol)
- Budweiser 4.82%
- Coors 5.03%
- Corona 5.03%
- Genesee 4.70%
- Guinness 4.27%
- Heineken Dark 5.17%
- Michelob 4.99%
- Miller High Life 4.80%
- Miller Genuine Draft 5.02%
- Molson 6.04%
- Samuel Adams 4.88%
Light Beer (Brand % Alcohol)
- Amstel Light 3.96%
- Natural Light 4.12%
- Bud Light 3.88%
- Coors Light 4.36%
- Michelob Light 4.52%
- Miller Lite 4.40%
- Molson Light 2.41%
Wine (Brand % Alcohol)
- Dry White 12.2%
- Red/Rose 12.5%
- Champagne 12.2%
- Mad Dog 14%
- Light Wine 7.4%
- Dessert Wine 18.8%
Bourbon / Whiskey Proof
- Bar Stock 86
- Old Grand Dad 90
- Yukon Jack 100
- Wild Turkey 101
- Bar Stock 80
- Bombay 86
- Tangueray 95
- Bar Stock 80
- Captain Morgan’s 151 151
- Bar stock 76-80
- Bar stock 80
- Kahlua 54
- Peach Schnapps 40
- Peppermint Schnapps 60
- Rumple Mize 100
- Ouzo 92
- Triple Sec 78
- Everclear 190
Other Common Questions about BAC
When determining the BAC at the time of driving, the following questions often arise:
- How must do you have to drink to get drunk?
- How many – beers / shots / glasses of wine – does it take to get to .08?
- How long does it take for blood alcohol level to go down?
- How much is .08?
- What is blood alcohol level?
- What is lethal blood alcohol level?
- What is the normal blood alcohol level?
This article was last updated on Monday, August 20, 2018.